WHAT IS PERIODONTITIS?
Periodontitis is an “inflammation around tooth”, an infection caused by bacteria, which, if untreated, damages the gums and the bone around tooth. Bacteria results from tartar, soft plaque accumulating around teeth. Teeth damaged by severe periodontitis start to move and, finally, have to be removed. It has been scientifically proven that bacteria causing periodontitis pass to a bloodstream via the tissues surrounding teeth and increase the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke.
In case of timely diagnosis, progression of periodontitis can be stopped successfully!
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GINGIVITIS AND PERIODONTITIS?
Gingivitis is an initial stage of periodontitis. The bacteria present in dental plaque irritate gums, causing redness, intumescence, sensitivity and bleeding when brushing teeth. Gingivitis damages only gums. Untreated gingivitis leads to periodontitis that causes damage not only to the gums, but also to the bone around the tooth.
Gingivitis is completely cured through one or several visits to the professional dental hygienist.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTITIS?
In which cases you can suspect periodontitis?
– Swollen, sensitive gums
– Bright red and sometimes even blueish gums
– Gums that feel tender when touched
– Gums that pull away from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal
– Bleeding gums when using a toothbrush, dental floss, interdental brush
– Noticing of dental purulence or feeling of purulent smell in the mouth
– Increasing gaps between teeth or changing dental position
– Increased dental mobility
Periodontitis is a completely painless disease!!! It is one of the reasons why the patients visit a doctor when the disease has already progressed or is even severe. Thus, regular visits to dental hygienist are very important. Dental hygienist will carry out periodontal test each time and having noticed the first symptoms of periodontitis will direct you for consultation with periodontist.